Bugs, Bees and Butterflies

After a week cycling along the Northumbrian and North Yorkshire coast, where we enjoyed good weather and many lovely stretches of unspoilt countryside, I was excited to see how things had been progressing at Greenhillock in my absence. My walk this morning found the meadows at their best – a multi-coloured panorama of grasses and wildflowers including masses of both types of wild Orchid. The Wild Roses have also come out in the hedgerows, filling the warm air with their lovely scent.

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Islay, our Border Collie, enjoying a walk in the North Paddock meadow

Bee numbers are still low, although I saw some honey bees, Buff-tailed and Red-tailed Bumblebees and Common Carder Bees – easily identified by being Scotland’s only all-brown bee. Lots of mini-bugs were feeding on the grass seed heads but butterflies are still playing hard to get. Greenhillock Guide Beth tells me that she saw Damselflies at the Wildlife Pond over the weekend giving their characteristic display of iridescent turquoise and scarlet as they flit between food sources.

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A Carder Bee feeding on Yellow Rattle, a popular nectar source

Talking of food sources, we have many interesting fungi just now and all are well nibbled by the Wood Mice and Short-tailed Voles that live in the meadow sward.

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Tiny fungi like this provide food for Wood Mice and Voles

All of our normal summer visiting birds have now arrived and can be heard singing tunefully in the trees and hedges around the site. I was asked recently about Cuckoos, which occasionally visit, but have to say we haven’t heard or seen them in the last couple of years. A rare flying visitor a few days ago came in the form of a beautiful Jay – lovely to look at if you’re not an egg or fledgling of another species!

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This week’s flying visitor – a striking adult Jay

Hopefully we’ll see you on site sometime, when we can chat further.

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Walking among Wildflowers

This week I’m away from home, riding my bike along the Northumbrian coast, so I’ll talk about a feature of Greenhillock that I don’t need actually to see in order to comment on – our lovely wildflower meadows.

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The rich biodiversity of a mature meadow habitat

Our land at Greenhillock was originally part of a small dairy farm where the principal need was for dense, quick growing and nutritious grass as food for the cattle. Whilst this looked very lush, its lack of biodiversity supported hardly any invertebrate life and, in turn, provided a poor habitat for farmland birds and animals. The constant fertilisation over decades, both natural and artificial, meant that the vigorous rye grasses crowded out almost all other flowers and smaller plants. In order to create a richer habitat, supporting a wider range of species, we ploughed up the existing grass and sowed the fields with old-fashioned seed mixes containing a range of native grasses (notably Bents and Fescues), together with many native wildflowers.

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Roe Deer, regular visitors to Greenhillock, feeding in the meadows

The original meadow seed, sown over 20 years ago, contained a rich mix of native grasses, plantains and wildflowers to provide pollen and nectar in succession from early Spring to late Autumn. This is vital to feed mini-bugs, bees and butterflies from their emergence right through their breeding cycle. The prolific seed heads are ideal for feeding finches and other seed-eating birds and mammals, whilst the open, tufty sward is perfect for ground-nesting birds such as Yellowhammer and Meadow Pipit. It is also a perfect habitat for the delightful Short-tailed Vole, a principal food source for both Kestrel and Tawny Owl. Low, dense ground-cover provides shelter for mammals and both young Brown Hares and Roe Deer have been born here over the years.

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The once-common Yellowhammer relies on a good supply of seed to survive the winter

The main secret to creating a mature species-rich is maintaining low fertility so we never add any kind of fertiliser we avoid the use of chemicals such as insecticides. We cut the meadows once a year in late Autumn, when all nesting has ceased and all seeds set, removing all the cut material to feed the trees and hedges. Three years ago we retro-sowed the North Paddock with Yellow Rattle, a plant which is parasitic on the roots of grasses, reducing their height and giving more space and light to the smaller wild flowers. All of the original plant types have thrived, to be joined by a number of new species, notably our two type of native Orchid but also several types of Vetch, Lady’s Bedstraw, Sorrel and Speedwell.

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Yellow Rattle, an early flowering plant, helps in meadow creation

We are delighted that we can share the rich fruits of our 25 years’ conservation activity with you and hope that, when you visit, you’ll enjoy exploring all aspects of the exciting natural world.

A Bounty of Birds

This week I want to focus on the rich bird-life that can be encountered at Greenhillock.

When we moved here some 25 years ago, the once common farmland birds were already in decline and subsequent years have seen a near catastrophic fall in numbers of all the typical countryside birds that I grew up with; modern farming and construction methods are squeezing out these long-term residents. There is a danger that our children will never see or hear a Curlew, Skylark or drumming Snipe or see the fantastic summer display flight of the Lapwing. All is not lost yet, however, and we have been making valiant efforts to restore and re-establish habitats, with considerable success.

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Tree Sparrows using an old House Martin nest on our house

Our biggest successes have been with the smaller seed-eating birds, especially Yellowhammer, Goldfinch, Tree Sparrow and Reed Bunting. All are breeding on site and we have over 30 nest boxes housing Tree Sparrow families. As this is a bird that has become practically non-existent in the South, this is a pleasing achievement.

In the hedgerows and trees just now you can see most of the finches and tits – Chaffinch, Greenfinch, Goldfinch and Bullfinch (lovely pair in the hedge dividing North and South Paddocks), Blue Tit, Great Tit and Coal Tit – as well as Blackbird, Dunnock, Starling, Robin, Wren, Tree and House Sparrows.


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Young Starlings enjoying a bath

Slightly more exotic and harder to spot are Siskin and Redpoll and the summer visiting warblers – Blackcap, Willow Warbler and Chiffchaff (regularly calling in the Beech trees round the Wildlife Pond with the two-note call that gives it its name).


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Handsome male Bullfinch in Home Paddock hedgerow


You are also very likely to see Pheasant, Jackdaw, Rook, Mallard, Song Thrush, Pied Wagtail and Yellowhammer feeding in the meadows. A Grey Heron regularly visits the Wildlife Pond, on warmer days Swallows swoop low catching insects and Buzzards circle overhead (they have a nest in the tall Beech trees). At night you will hear the Tawny Owls calling to each other in the woods. Most spectacular of all is the visiting Sparrowhawk, flying low like a fast jet along the hedge-line after small songbirds that make up most of its prey.


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Attentive Sparrowhawk at the burn along the South boundary of the pitches

So, lots to see if you’re with us and to look forward to if you’ve yet to book!

An Orgy of Orchids

This week it’s orchid-fest here at Greenhillock! From just one in flower last week, the recent warm weather and rain have sparked a profusion of lovely purple flowers in the North and South Paddocks. Wild orchids took 15 years to arrive here on the wind so we feel very privileged (there is an old saying “you don’t find orchids, they find you!”) and we have both Early Purple and Northern Spotted varieties in the wildflower meadows, particularly in the glamping area. Take a look and you’ll be amazed.


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Early Purple Orchid in the North Paddock


Insect-wise, the most interesting thing in the last few days has been the Mayfly hatch and on some warm days and evenings the air has been full of these flying creatures with their characteristic long legs. Butterfly numbers, however, are still slow to build although we did see the first Peacock over the weekend.


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Peacock butterfly on seat in Wedding Wood


Our enthusiastic young pond-dippers have been turning up a variety of water critters in the wildlife pond, including Diving beetles, Pondskaters, a variety of larvae and the occasional Common Newt. Meantime, the many varieties of trees in the hedge-lines are giving us a stunning display, with every shade of green. This year seems to be a fantastic one for blossom of all kinds and there are some lovely scents to be picked up on a warm breeze – the Rowan and Bird Cherry in the Wedding Wood give an especially heady experience!


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Our Greenhillock Guide Beth leads a pond-dipping session

The most noticeable thing about our rich bird life just now is probably the fantastic dawn and dusk chorus, led both early and late by the male Blackbirds. Several guests have mentioned how pleasing they have found this aspect of our fields and hedges although one couple reported finding the 4.30 wake-up call a bit trying, particularly when enhanced by the local male Peacocks (the birds that is) up at the big house!

As the weather warms up, we look forward to increasing bee and butterfly numbers and to the arrival of more visiting summer birds – more about these next time.

Meadows in May

Welcome back. Not sure whether it should be “Spring is sprung” or “Summer is a coming in” as, following the prolonged spell without rain through April and the first half of May, things are a way behind the normal. The recent rainfall and forecast warm weather should, however, release all that pent-up growth in the seed bank in a big rush so watch this space!

In the meadows, the tall grasses (especially Timothy) are in ‘flower’ providing much-needed food for the smaller bugs and the yellow Dandelions and Field Buttercups are attracting early bees. Ox-eye Daisy are standing by to burst into flower and yesterday I saw the first orchid flower – an Early Purple (clue’s in the name!).


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Field Buttercups & flowering grasses in South Paddock


Flying insects (other than numbers of wasps and wee bitey things) are in short supply because of the lack of food but we have seen newly-emerged Red Admiral and Small Tortoiseshell butterflies and many bumblebee queens prospecting for nesting holes among the meadow grasses.

Birdwise, the first Swallows are here and have already nested in the stables. They are enjoying evening meals of those wee bitey things that I spoke of just now. Our large breeding population of Tree Sparrows have their first young and Blackbird and Starling fledglings have left the nest to become noisy, food-demanding members of the Greenhillock family. You can currently see many other species  but I want to save their story for another time.


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Great Spotted Woodpecker feeding young by Wildlife Pond

With Ash being the last, all trees are now in leaf and some in blossom. The May flowers in the native thorn hedges are now out, so it should be safe ‘to cast a clout’!

Welcome to our new-style blog

Much has happened since we last posted here and we are now fully immersed in our first full season as an eco-camping and glamping site. You can read all about us at greenglamping.co.uk or on Facebook so, in future, this blog will concentrate on the interesting and exciting wildlife we have seen and heard recently at Greenhillock. For those of you already coming to visit us, it will give you a feel for what you will find when you arrive. For those of you yet to book, I hope it will encourage you to come and see for yourselves the huge variety of flora and fauna to be found here.


 

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Early bumblebee feeding on Sycamore pollen


To introduce myself as your new blog author, I am Bryan one of the four Founder Directors of our small family business and custodian of our five acres of lovely wildflower meadow for the past 25 years. I am passionate about conservation and habitat creation but hopefully in a non-nerdy way. Nothing gives me more pleasure than watching the so-called common birds and insects go about their daily business and it will be my pleasure to share some of this with you over coming months.

Signing off now but back with you soon.

Catching Up and Kicking Off

Glamping Field (900x194).jpgSo what have we learned since Jan 2015…

Well obviously far too much to include in one short blog post but specifically in this context, that setting up a campsite is hard work, there’s a lot to get your head around and blogging about it will not be at the top of your list. You will be pleased to hear (I hope) though it went unrecorded here the campsite was duly set up!

In 2015 we opened Greenhillock to around 50 brave Pioneers over four long weekends. They came to test our solar powered showers and composting loos and give us their feedback on how viable our hair-brained scheme might be! It was delightful sharing the meadows with friends, friends of friends and as we neared the end of the season folk who heard about us through friends of friends! Campfires were shared, problems solved and lots more ideas generated. Mostly though people loved the freedom, tranquillity and closeness to nature they experienced.

Thus enthused, a plan was hatched to ‘go for it’ for real in 2016. More of that saga will follow in subsequent blogs but as there is far too much jeopardy floating around the world in early 2017 I’m happy to disclose that it’s all turned out great (so far!). We are open for booking for our 2017 season on Cool Camping https://coolcamping.com/campsites/uk/scotland/central-scotland/2128-greenhillock-glamping and we have a website and everything. Meantime here are some pics from that first Pioneering Season.

Here we go!

Welcome to the first post from Greenhillock Glamping! In the coming months my family and I will be working to turn a much cherished home for nature into a visitor attraction and camp site. I’m going to chart our progress – all the ups and downs on the blog and along the way, introduce you to the residents of Greenhillock. Some are rare species, others more common but they have all chosen to make their home with us here at Greenhillock.

So for our first introduction, here’s a pic of our resident population of mallard ducks (around 35 at the last count). They keep us entertained with their antics and last week’s frost allowed us to snap them apparently walking on water on the pond!